Institut Jean Nicod

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Colloquium

Nicod Philosophy Colloquium 2020-2021

 

(La plupart des discussions seront en ligne. Nous aurons un nombre limité d’emplacements pour les participants externes. Si vous souhaitez assister à une session, merci d’envoyer un mail environ une semaine avant cette session à denis.buehler@ens.fr)

 


 

L’Institut Jean Nicod est heureux de vous présenter les colloquium de cette année. Ci-dessous le calendrier des intervenants.

 

Pepa Toribio (ICREA-UB)

 

"Biases and Vices"

Vendredi 11 décembre 2020 de 11h à 13h 

 

Résumé : 

Beliefs formed on the basis of implicit biases pose a problem for accessibilism, since implicit biases are consciously inaccessible, yet they are relevant to epistemic justification. Recent empirical results suggest, however, that we are more aware of the content of our implicit biases than we had previously assumed. I here discuss the notion of accessibility vis-à-vis these empirical results and argue that accessibilism can meet the challenge posed by implicit biases in two different ways. The accessibilist can enrich the supervenience base for justification by including in such base facts that the subject is in a position to know. Alternatively, the accessibilist can appeal to a distinction between first- and second-order facts and argue that, while the former may be inaccessible, the latter need not. Ultimately both strategies fail, but the way in which they do, I conclude, reveals something general and important about our epistemic obligations and our epistemic vices.

 

(Nous aurons un nombre limité d’emplacements pour les participants externes. Si vous souhaitez assister à cette session, merci d’envoyer un mail environ une semaine avant la session à denis.buehler@ens.fr)

 

Ian Philips (Johns Hopkins)

Vendredi 12 février 2021 à 19h

David Velleman (NYU)

Vendredi 12 mars 2021 à 19h

Laurie Paul (Yale)

Vendredi 9 avril 2021 à 11h

Nirmalangshu Mukherjee (Delhi)

Vendredi 7 mai 2021 à 11h


 

Colloquium passés : 

 

Gabriel Greenberg (UCLA)

"The Iconic-Symbolic Spectrum"

Vendredi 9 octobre 2020 de 19h à 21h

Résumé :

 Iconic representation is exemplified by 3D models, pictures, maps, and diagrams. Symbolic representation is exemplified by words, mathematical and logical symbols, sentences, and discourses. This classification, due to C.S. Peirce, has found growing currency in linguistics and cognitive science, even while the nature of the underlying distinction remains obscure. In approaching this problem, I am guided by Ferdinand de Saussure’s famous dictum that linguistic signs bear a merely "arbitrary" relationship to the concepts they express, in contrast to any "natural" or "inner" connection. By reimagining Saussure’s opposition through the lens of contemporary formal semantics, I hope to shed light on two basic ways that representation can work. Comparative study of semantic theories for languages, diagram systems, and pictorial systems further reveals deeply divergent expressive strategies for encoding content in representational form.

Victoria McGeer (Princeton/ANU)

"Empathy internalized"

Vendredi 13 novembre 2020 de 9h30 à 11h30 

Résumé : 

It is commonly accepted that empathetic contact with others can play a key role in supporting and enhancing our own moral agency by way of engaging our emotions in a fitting or appropriate way. I examine a particular instance of this commonsense view : that empathetic contact with others can be a powerful instigator of moral development by way of generating the self-castigating emotions of guilt, shame and remorse when we are brought face to face with the wrongs we have done to them. In defense of this commonsense view, I argue the self-castigating emotions can be epistemically valuable so far as they promote insight into our conduct and character that may be necessary for such development. But more problematically, these emotions can also be motivationally counterproductive for such development. To overcome this problem, I examine the conditions under which these self-castigating emotions can be managed, contained or metabolized, thereby supporting rather than defeating our self-development. My claim will be that forging an empathetic connection with our own erring self is an essential part of this developmental process


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