Institut Jean Nicod

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"My philosophical interests lie mainly on defining and evaluating information quality, using resources from epistemology, formal epistemology and the various kinds of epistemic logics.

My Master’s thesis, entitled “Dynamics of Disinformation: A Study on Disinformational Attitudes, Pragmatic Involvements and Mental States Attribution in Disinformational Situations”, tackled the issue of defining nine categories of disinformational attitudes, then observing similar acts in human and non-human cases and finally concluding that language proficiency is not a prerequisite for mental state ascription.

I am currently pursuing a PhD under the supervision of Prof. Paul Égré at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. My PhD thesis aims to further investigate the understanding of unreliable attitudes and to provide reliable methods for assessing them. The purpose of this research work is at least twofold:

(1) Defining the dynamics of unreliable atttitudes by characterizing the interaction between deceptive states (e.g. being “lied”, “disinformed”, “misled”, etc.) and actions (e.g. “lying”, “disinforming”, “misleading”, etc.). I am paying specific attention to several extant epistemic logics in order to define the best framework to describe theses dynamics, and I am exploring new types of interpersonal deception. On a more experimental side, I am working on a data-based study on “lying to oneself” which aims to offer a better understanding of the interactions between “selves” and “intentions” in the psychology of self-deception.

(2) Assessing formal methods to cope with unreliable attitudes in informational exchanges. To this end, I mostly focus on the contemporary models of inquiry available at the epistemic-pragmatics interface, starting with Hintikka (e.g. [1999, 2007]) through the Interrogative Model of Inquiry and profoundly revitalized by the recent inquisitive semantics trend (e.g. Ciardelli [2009], Ciardelli et al. [2009, 2013b]). I argue that merging both traditions (in the spirit of Hamami [2012]) could prove particularly helpful in defining a “strategic research agenda” and in devising new ways for dealing with unreliable sources and defective information in the rational process of inquiry.

I am funded in this doctoral project by the Direction Générale de l'Armement, a government agency hosted by the French Ministry of Defense."

 

 

 


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